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Viktor Robertovich Tsoi (Russian: Виктор Робертович Цой) (June 21, 1962 – August 15, 1990) was a famous Soviet artist and leader of the rock group Kino. Tsoi was born to a Korean father and Russian mother on June 21, 1962 in Leningrad, USSR (now St. Petersburg, Russia).

He is regarded as one of the pioneers of Russian rock and has a huge following in the countries of the former Soviet Union even today. Few musicians in the history of Russian music have been more popular or have had more impact on their genre than Victor Tsoi and his rock band Kino.

Tsoi contributed a plethora of musical and artistic works, including ten albums. He died in a car accident when he fell asleep while driving on August 15, 1990.
Contents

Early life

Tsoi's mother, Valentina Vasilyevna, was a teacher and his father, Robert Maximovich, was an engineer. He began writing songs at the age of 17. His early songs addressed themes like life on the streets of Leningrad, love and hanging out with friends. Many characters in his songs were young men with limited opportunities, trying to survive in a tough world. During this time, rock was an underground movement limited mostly to Leningrad; Moscow pop stars ruled the charts and received the most exposure from the media. The Soviet government gave grants to artists it favored, providing them with housing, recording studios and anything else they may have needed to succeed.[citation needed] Rock music, on the other hand, was not too popular with the government. Thus rock bands received little or no funding, they were not given any exposure by the state-run media and rock was labeled as music listened by drug addicts and hoodlums. In 1974, Viktor attended the Serov Artistic Academy, but was expelled at the age of 18, allegedly for poor grades, although he was already heavily involved in the rock music scene by then, which may have been a factor as well[citation needed]. By this time Tsoi had began to perform the songs he wrote at parties. During one of these performances he was noticed by Boris Grebenshchikov, a member of the established rock group "Aquarium". Grebenshikov took Tsoi under his wing and helped him start up his own band. This signaled the beginning of Tsoi's rock music career.

[edit] Beginnings of Kino

Leningrad's Rock Club was one of the few public places where rock bands were allowed to perform. It was there in 1982, at their first annual Rock Concert that Victor Tsoi made his stage debut. He was playing as a solo artist supported by two "Aquarium" members. Tsoi's innovative lyrics and music impressed the crowd.

Before making it big, Tsoi said that the problem with music was that no one wanted to take chances. He wanted to experiment with lyrics and music in order to create something fresh that no one had ever heard before. Tsoi succeeded in his goal. Shortly after the concert he recruited other musicians and they formed "Kino", which in Russian means "cinema". They recorded a demo tape at Tsoi's apartment. This tape was quickly passed around Leningrad, then all over the country by rock enthusiasts. Kino began to gain a following.

[edit] First album

In 1982, Kino released their first album titled "45". This album first showed Tsoi's willingness to approach political topics in his music, something not too many other artists were willing to do. In his song Suburban Electric Train (Russian: Электричка/Elektrichka) he discussed a man stuck in a train that was taking him where he didn't wish to go; this was clearly a metaphor for life in the Soviet Union, and the band was quickly banned from performing this song live. Regardless, the political message of the song made it popular among the youth of the anti-establishment movement that now began to look to Victor Tsoi and "Kino" as their idols.

In 1982 Tsoi met Marina, who he married in 1985. She was a source of support and family for Tsoi, giving birth to their son Alexander (Sasha) on August 26, 1985.

"Kino" displayed more of their political views at the 2nd Leningrad Rock Club Concert. The band won the competition with Tsoi's anti-war song I Declare My Home... (a nuclear-free zone) (Russian: Я объявляю свой дом ... (Безъядерной зоной)/Ya ob'yavlyayu svoy dom ... (Bez'yadernoy zonoy)). The song's popularity was fueled by the ongoing Afghan War which was claiming the lives of thousands of young Soviet citizens.

[edit] Gorbachev era

"Kino" was still not getting much mainstream attention due to the lack of government support, but that changed with the arrival of Mikhail Gorbachev in 1985. His social and economic reforms, especially Glasnost and Perestroika, began exposing the social and economic problems of the Soviet Union and allowed open discussion of them in the media. Glasnost loosened the restrictions on the media and allowed rock bands to be written about and shown on television. In 1986 Tsoi used the open atmosphere and public sentiment to release a song titled [We're waiting for] Changes! (Russian: Перемен!/Peremen!). The song called on the young generation to demand changes within the current system and spread "Kino"'s name all over the nation. However, in an interview, aired on Soviet TV shortly after his death, Tsoi stated that his songs often have been misinterpreted in the public and that he usually avoids political intentions in his poetry. In particular, Changes!, which was used widely for the perestroika movements, has nothing to do with it, he said.

[edit] Rise to fame

1987 was a breakthrough year for "Kino". The release of their 7th album Blood Type (Russian: Группа крови/Gruppa Krovi) triggered what was then called "Kinomania". The open political climate under glasnost allowed Tsoi to make Blood Type his most political album yet it also allowed him to record a sound of music that no one before him was able to play. Most of the tracks on the album were directed at the youth of the Soviet Union, telling them to take control and make changes within the nation, some of the songs addressed the social problems crippling the nation. The sound and lyrics of the album made Tsoi a hero among Russia's youth and "Kino" the most popular rock band ever. Over the next few years Tsoi appeared in several successful movies and also traveled to the USA to promote his films at film festivals. Several more albums were released, their themes were once again mostly political, further fueling the band's popularity. Even though Tsoi was a huge star, he still lived a relatively ordinary life. He kept his old job in the boiler room of an apartment building, a fact that surprised many people. Tsoi said that he enjoyed the work and he also needed the money to support the band, as they still received no government support and their albums were copied and passed around the nation via samizdat free of charge. This made Tsoi even more popular among the people because it showed that he was down to earth and they could relate to them. "Kino"'s finest hour came in 1990 with a concert at Moscow's Luzhniki Stadium. 62,000 fans filled the stands to celebrate the triumph of Russia's most successful rock group.

[edit] Film Appearances

In 1988 Viktor Tsoi starred in a feature film directed by Rashid Nugmanov and written by Aleksandr Baranov and Bakhyt Kilibayev. It was entitled «ИГЛА», or "Igla" ("Needle" in Russian) with Tsoi playing the movie's protagonist. The plot is centered around the character Moro, who returns to Alma-Ata to collect money owed to him. While waiting out an unexpected delay, he visits his former girlfriend Dina, and discovers she has become a morphine addict. He decides to help her kick the habit and fight the local drug mafia responsible for her condition. But Moro finds a deadly opponent in "the doctor," the mafia kingpin who is exploiting Dina.[1]

The film's soundtrack, including original music by Tsoi's band Kino, contributes to the overall feeling of the movie, in addition to the film's use of post-modern twists and surreal scenes.

The movie was officially released in February 1989 in the Soviet Union.

[edit] Death and Aftermath
Grave of Victor Tsoi

While in Latvia, on 14 August 1990, Tsoi finished recording the vocals for Kino's next album. He was supposed to travel back to Leningrad so that his band mates could record its musical score. Early in the morning of August 15, Victor Tsoi was killed on the way back from a fishing trip when his car collided with a bus outside Riga. The car was completely demolished to the point that one of its tires was never found. Tsoi had wanted to take his son, Alexander (Sasha) with him on the trip, but fortunately, Sasha did not go. Tsoi was buried in a closed casket.

On August 17, "Komsomolskaya Pravda", one of the main Soviet newspapers, had the following to say about Tsoi and his meaning to the youth of the nation:

Tsoi means more to the young people of our nation than any politician, celebrity or writer. This is because Tsoi never lied and never sold out. He was and remains himself. It's impossible not to believe him... Tsoi is the only rocker who has no difference between his image and his real life, he lived the way he sang... Tsoi is the last hero of rock.

The tape which contained the only recording of Tsoi's vocals for the next album was recovered and the surviving members of "Kino" recorded the music to the album, which was christened Black Album (Russian: Чёрный альбом/Chorniy al'bom) as a sign of mourning for the fallen singer. The album became the band's most popular creation and solidified "Kino"'s place at the top of Russian rock's history and Victor Tsoi's as its greatest hero and legend.

[edit] Cultural significance
The Tsoi Wall in the Arbat District of Moscow.

Kino's impact on Soviet music and society was huge. The group introduced a sound and lyrics that no other Soviet actor before them was able or willing to produce. Kino opened the doors for modern Russian rock bands. It's displayed today in many places around Russia, from graffiti on the fences of St. Petersburg to an entire wall dedicated to Victor Tsoi in a bylane of the famous Arbat street in Moscow, where fans still gather to remember their hero. In 2000 some of the nation's top rock bands came together and released their interpretations of Kino's best songs as a tribute to Victor Tsoi on what would have been his 38th birthday. Even though he is gone, Victor Tsoi still lives in the minds of many Russian youths.

Most recently, Viktor Tsoi's "Gruppa Krovi" is played through Grand Theft Auto 4's fictional radio station (Vladivostok FM).
similar or influenced band;
Aquarium ,Kol sonzlgn ,slavoj,workshop,yatha,Makryham,
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